* All photographies are taken from multimedia CD-ROMs "Mala setnja centrom Beograda (Walking through the center of Belgrade" and "Moja Srbija (My Serbia)". Unauthorized usage is prohibited.
As you are at Belgrade sightseeing and Serbia tour guide web-site, you're probably considering to visit Serbia and Belgrade. So you may know already that Serbia is located in south of Hungary, east of Croatia and Bosnia, west of Romania and Bulgaria, north of Macedonia and Greece or north-west of Montenegro.
Visiting Serbia, you will discover a wonderful country with beautiful nature and friendly people, rich cultural and historical heritage, and interesting tradition.
Belgrade is the capital of Serbia and largest city in the country. According to archaeological facts and known sources the origins of the city are dated back to 4700 BC.
Although the land of Serbia has many valuable and very interesting location, in the city of Belgrade itself, anyone can enjoy history, architecture, culture and cuisine of this area.
Usual tourist offers, created to satisfied the most common interests, comprises:
1. Belgrade sightseeing;
2. Serbian monasteries tours
3. Other tours around Serbia
Belgrade sightseeing includes city center, Republic Square and pedestrian Kneza Mihaila Street views, confluence of the rivers Sava and Danube, Kalemegdan Fortress, bohemian Skadarlija quart, etc.
You can also enjoy Belgrade specific 'street-on-river' composed by numerous "floating" restaurants-rafts, cafes and nightclubs, until the early morning hours.
For many Belgrade visitors, one of the most interesting, 'a must see' destination is the famous Skadarlija, bohemian street from the 19th century, still keeping alive the spirit of great poets, writers, painters, philosophers and journalists from that romantic age.
You will also see the biggest Orthodox Church in Europe, the St. Sava's Temple, in the heart of Belgrade City, near by National Library of Serbia and Monument of Karadjordje, leader of the Serbian Insurrection against Ottoman Empire in the very beginning of the 19th century.
Once you are in Serbia, you should be visiting some of the medieval monasteries, with their precious fresco paintings, early Byzantine style, some of which are under UN cultural protection.
In Serbia you may enjoy visiting some of its numerous rivers, mountains, lakes, waterfalls, rare naturally decorated caves or some really fascinating 'Wonders of Natures'.
Serbia is also well known for its good and tasty food, mostly with meat, good wine and famous, authentic, very strong kind of plum-brandy called Slivovitz.
Serbian national currency is dinar, however all major foreign exchanges, including dollars, euros, etc. are accepted, not only at banks, hotels, airports, actually at all legal exchange-offices, easy to find almost everywhere.
Tourism is travel for recreational, leisure or business purposes. The World Tourism Organization defines tourists as people who "travel to and stay in places outside their usual environment for more than twenty-four (24) hours and not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes not related to the exercise of an activity remunerated from within the place visited". Tourism has become a popular global leisure activity. In 2007, there were over 903 million international tourist arrivals, with a growth of 6.6% as compared to 2006. International tourist receipts were USD 856 billion in 2007.
Despite the uncertainties in the global economy, international tourist arrivals during the first four months of 2008 followed a similar growth trend than the same period in 2007. However, as a result of the economic crisis of 2008, international travel demand suffered a strong slowdown beginning in June 2008, with growth in international tourism arrivals worldwide falling to 2% during the boreal summer months, while growth from January to April 2008 had reached an average 5.7% compared to its 2007 level. Growth from 2006 to 2007 was only 3.7%, as total international tourism arrivals from January to August were 641 million tourists, up from 618 million in the same period in 2007.
Tourism is vital for many countries, such as the U.A.E, Egypt, Greece and Thailand, and many island nations, such as The Bahamas, Fiji, Maldives and the Seychelles, due to the large intake of money for businesses with their goods and services and the opportunity for employment in the service industries associated with tourism. These service industries include transportation services, such as airlines, cruise ships and taxis, hospitality services, such as accommodations, including hotels and resorts, and entertainment venues, such as amusement parks, casinos, shopping malls, the various music venues and the theatre.
Hunziker and Krapf, in 1941, defined tourism as people who travel "the sum of the phenomena and relationships arising from the travel and stay of non-residents, insofar as they do not lead to permanent residence and are not connected with any earning activity." In 1976, the Tourism Society of England's definition was: "Tourism is the temporary, short-term movement of people to destination outside the places where they normally live and work and their activities during the stay at each destination. It includes movements for all purposes." In 1981, the International Association of Scientific Experts in Tourism defined tourism in terms of particular activities selected by choice and undertaken outside the home.
The United Nations classified three forms of tourism in 1994, in its "Recommendations on Tourism Statistics: Domestic tourism", which involves residents of the given country traveling only within this country; Inbound tourism, involving non-residents traveling in the given country; and Outbound tourism, involving residents traveling in another country. The UN also derived different categories of tourism by combining the three basic forms of tourism: Internal tourism, which comprises domestic tourism and inbound tourism; National tourism, which comprises domestic tourism and outbound tourism; and International tourism, which consists of inbound tourism and outbound tourism. Intrabound tourism is a term coined by the Korea Tourism Organization and widely accepted in Korea. Intrabound tourism differs from domestic tourism in that the former encompasses policymaking and implementation of national tourism policies.
Recently, the tourism industry has shifted from the promotion of inbound tourism to the promotion of intrabound tourism, because many countries are experiencing tough competition for inbound tourists. Some national policymakers have shifted their priority to the promotion of intrabound tourism to contribute to the local economy. Examples of such campaigns include: "See America" in the United States; "Truly Asia" in Malaysia; "Get Going Canada" in Canada; "Peru. Live the Legend" in Peru; "Wow Philippines" in the Philippines; "Uniquely Singapore" in Singapore; "100% Pure New Zealand" in New Zealand; "Amazing Thailand" in Thailand; "Incredible India" in India; and "The Hidden Charm" in Vietnam.
Wealthy people have always traveled to distant parts of the world, to see great buildings, works of art, learn new languages, experience new cultures and to taste different cuisines. Long ago, at the time of the Roman Republic, places such as Baiae, were popular coastal resorts for the rich. The word tourism was used by 1811 and tourist by 1840. In 1936, the League of Nations defined foreign tourist as "someone travelling abroad for at least twenty-four hours". Its successor, the United Nations, amended this definition in 1945, by including a maximum stay of six months.
Leisure travel was associated with the Industrial Revolution in the United Kingdom – the first European country to promote leisure time to the increasing industrial population. Initially, this applied to the owners of the machinery of production, the economic oligarchy, the factory owners and the traders. These comprised the new middle class. Cox & Kings was the first official travel company to be formed in 1758.
The British origin of this new industry is reflected in many place names. In Nice, France, one of the first and best-established holiday resorts on the French Riviera, the long esplanade along the seafront is known to this day as the Promenade des Anglais; in many other historic resorts in continental Europe, old, well-established palace hotels have names like the Hotel Bristol, the Hotel Carlton or the Hotel Majestic – reflecting the dominance of English customers.
Many leisure-oriented tourists travel to the tropics, both in the summer and winter. Places often visited are: Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Thailand, North Queensland in Australia and Florida in the United States.
Major ski resorts are located in the various European countries (e.g. Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Italy, Serbia, Norway, Poland, Slovakia, Spain, Switzerland), Canada, the United States, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, Korea, Chile and Argentina.
Mass tourism could only have developed with the improvements in technology, allowing the transport of large numbers of people in a short space of time to places of leisure interest, so that greater numbers of people began to enjoy the benefits of leisure time.
In the United States, the first great seaside resort, in the European style, was Atlantic City, New Jersey and Long Island, New York.
In continental Europe, early resorts included: Ostend, popularized by the people of Brussels; Boulogne-sur-Mer (Pas-de-Calais) and Deauville (Calvados) for the Parisians; and Heiligendamm, founded in 1797, as the first seaside resort at the Baltic Sea.
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